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Kasaysayan Ng Retorika Pdf Downl !!INSTALL!!


Kasaysayan Ng Retorika Pdf Downl !!INSTALL!!

Kasaysayan Ng Retorika: A Brief Overview of the History of Rhetoric in PDF Format

Rhetoric is the art of persuasion, using language to influence others and achieve one's goals. Rhetoric has a long and rich history, spanning from ancient times to the present day. In this article, we will explore the history of rhetoric in different cultures and periods, focusing on the Philippines as an example of a diverse and dynamic rhetorical tradition. We will also provide a link to download a PDF file that contains more details and sources about the history of rhetoric.

The Origins of Rhetoric

The earliest forms of rhetoric can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, China, Greece, and Rome. These cultures developed various systems of oral and written communication, using techniques such as storytelling, poetry, proverbs, metaphors, analogies, arguments, and appeals to emotions and values. Rhetoric was used for various purposes, such as education, politics, religion, law, and entertainment.

One of the most influential sources of rhetoric in the Western tradition is Aristotle (384-322 BC), a Greek philosopher who wrote a treatise called Rhetoric. Aristotle defined rhetoric as "the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion". He identified three modes of persuasion: ethos (the credibility of the speaker), logos (the logic of the argument), and pathos (the emotions of the audience). He also classified rhetoric into three genres: deliberative (concerning future actions), judicial (concerning past actions), and epideictic (concerning praise or blame).

The Development of Rhetoric

Rhetoric continued to evolve and adapt to different contexts and cultures throughout history. Some of the notable developments include:

The medieval rhetoric that incorporated Christian teachings and values into classical rhetoric.

The Renaissance rhetoric that revived the interest in classical rhetoric and humanism.

The Enlightenment rhetoric that emphasized reason, science, and democracy.

The modern rhetoric that responded to the challenges of industrialization, urbanization, mass media, and social movements.

The postmodern rhetoric that questioned the assumptions and values of modern rhetoric and explored new forms and modes of communication.

The History of Rhetoric in the Philippines

The history of rhetoric in the Philippines is a complex and diverse one, reflecting the influences of various cultures and languages that have shaped the Filipino identity. Some of the highlights include:

The pre-colonial rhetoric that was based on oral traditions and indigenous languages. The Filipinos used rhetoric for various purposes, such as education, religion, politics, law, and entertainment. Some of the forms of pre-colonial rhetoric include epics, myths, legends, riddles, proverbs, songs, chants, dances, rituals, debates, speeches, and letters.

The colonial rhetoric that was influenced by Spanish and American colonization. The Filipinos learned new languages and rhetorical styles from their colonizers, but also resisted and subverted them through their own expressions. Some of the forms of colonial rhetoric include propaganda, newspapers, novels, poems, essays, manifestos, declarations, constitutions, laws, speeches, sermons,

and revolutions.

The contemporary rhetoric that is influenced by globalization and technology. The Filipinos use rhetoric to communicate with diverse audiences and contexts across different media platforms. Some of the forms of contemporary rhetoric include blogs,


social media,





and activism.


Rhetoric is a fascinating and dynamic field of study that can help us understand ourselves and others better. By learning about the history of rhetoric in different cultures and periods,we can appreciate the diversity and complexity of human communication. We can also apply rhe

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